[1][4], Many rivers originate in the Ural Mountains. [14] As of 2006, 500 mrem in the natural environment was the upper limit of exposure considered safe for a member of the general public in an entire year (though workplace exposure over a year could exceed that by a factor of 10). I had an idea to organize a tourist route in the Ural hinterland (villages, natural monuments) and to Ekaterinburg. Both factories were actually founded by Tatishchev's successor, Georg Wilhelm de Gennin, in 1723. The end of 19th century saw a rapid growth of the Ural cities and of the anti-capitalist movements. The Ural high-speed railway is one of three projects (together with the Moscow-Kazan and Moscow-St.Petersburg routes) that is actively discussed by the governmental officials in order to implement high-speed rail traffic in Russia. It is composed of severely eroded sedimentary rocks (sandstones and limestones) that are about 350 million years old. The birds of these areas include rough-legged buzzard, snowy owl, tundra partridge, and rock ptarmigan.[1][4]. The sedimentary and volcanic layers are folded and faulted. In 1890 a railway linked Ufa and Chelyabinsk via Zlatoust. The first Russian mention of the mountains to the east of the East European Plain is provided by the Primary Chronicle, where it describes the Novgorodian expedition to the upper reaches of the Pechora in 1096. In the mid-16th – early 17th century, the southern parts became known as Ural, which later spread to the entire area. The maximum height is 1,640 m (5,380 ft) (Mount Yamantau) and the width reaches 250 km (160 mi). Its highest peak is Mount Narodnaya, approximately 1,895 m (6,217 ft) in elevation.[1]. Nowadays Ural economic region does not have an administrative and informal capital, whereas Yekaterinburg is the administrative center of the Ural Federal District. Perm was an administrative center of the gubernia with the same name by 1797. The sediments to the west of the Ural Mountains are formed of limestone, dolomite and sandstone left from ancient shallow seas. It is a vast territory which includes major cities like Yekaterinburg and Chelyabinsk, as well as parts of the polar areas. Dobrodomov suggests a transition from Aral to Ural explained on the basis of ancient Bulgar-Chuvash dialects. The southern area of the Mughalzhar Hills is a semidesert. Rivers and lakes are used as a water supply, transport routes and for waterlogging. [15] Over 23,000 km2 (8,900 sq mi) of land were contaminated in 1957 from a storage tank explosion, only one of several serious accidents that further polluted the region. The October Revolution brought numerous benefits to the workers, but was followed by the years of Civil Wars (1917–19). In 1745 gold was discovered in the Ural at Beryozovskoye and later at other deposits. In the Neolithic period, tribes have formed which became the basis of the Uralic language community, and mixed (Mongoloid, europoid) anthropological type. "Bingi - ein Dorf im Ural" ist eine Hommage an meine 2. The relief of Southern Ural is more complex, with numerous valleys and ridges directed south-west and meridionally. The population of all cities and urban settlements in the Ural Federal District with more than 20,000 inhabitants according to census results and latest official estimates. In 1720–1722 he commissioned Vasily Tatishchev to oversee and develop the mining and smelting works in the Ural. While the latter follows the historical borders, the former is a political product; the District omits Western Ural and includes Western Siberia instead. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. History of human settlement in the Ural Mountains, "Урал (географич.) 08.00 – 12.00 h. 13.00 – 17.00 h Grain-based agriculture, small-scale industries (wood, leather, pottery, blacksmithing, etc.) [3], In the 17th century rich and high-quality mineral deposits were discovered in the Ural region. Größe Vesuvian : bis zu 0,4cm. In summers, the South and Middle Urals are visited by songbirds, such as nightingale and redstart. A breakfast buffet is available every morning at the Hotel Ural. The mountain ridges, elongated from north to south, effectively absorb sunlight thereby increasing the temperature. Trade activity is heating up across the province. Download this stock image: Orenburg, eine Stadt zwischen Europa und Asien am Ural in Russland: die Grenzbrücke mit Stelen - T8525N from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. They include Tobol, Iset, Tura, Pechora, Lozva and Severnaya Sosva Rivers. They are elongated from north to south and stretch for about 560 km (350 mi) from the river Usa. In the Southern Ural frequent are badger and black polecat. In the 1550s, after the Tsardom of Russia had defeated the Khanate of Kazan and proceeded to gradually annex the lands of the Bashkirs, the Russians finally reached the southern part of the mountain chain. Other lakes, too, are found in the glacial valleys of this region. Both slopes are rich in bituminous coal and lignite, and the largest deposit of bituminous coal is in the north (Pechora field). Tatishchev returned to the Ural on the order of Empress Anna to succeed de Gennin in 1734–1737. He sacrificed his life for the sake of his people, and they poured a stone pile over his grave, which later turned into the Ural Mountains. Of the people injured, 311 were children who were at school at the time. [3], Ural forests are inhabited by animals typical of Siberia, such as elk, brown bear, fox, wolf, wolverine, lynx, squirrel and sable (north only). Valleys of the rivers contain willow, poplar and caragana shrubs. [3], In the 17th century, Ural became inhabited by Slavs who brought advanced farming technique and craftsmanship. Their ownership went to the Moscow state in 1471, together with lands around the Kama River. During the Soviet industrialization in the 1930s the city of Magnitogorsk was founded in the South-Eastern Ural as a center of iron smelting and steelmaking. Book Ural, Perm on Tripadvisor: See 494 traveller reviews, 289 candid photos, and great deals for Ural, ranked #4 of 34 hotels in Perm and rated 4 of 5 at Tripadvisor. In 1909 yet another railway connecting Perm and Yekaterinburg passed through Kungur by the way of the Siberian Route. Its construction is expected to start in 2021. [3], The climate of Ural is continental. In the Central Ural, one can meet a rare mixture of sable and pine marten named kidus. The holding company was formed around joint-stock company Uralelektromed in 1999. The mountains of the Polar Ural have exposed rock with sharp ridges, though flattened or rounded tops are also found. The south-eastern rivers are much narrower and may dry up in summer. [1] There are nine strict nature reserves in the Urals: the Ilmen, the oldest one, mineralogical reserve founded in 1920 in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Pechora-Ilych in the Komi Republic, Bashkir and its former branch Shulgan-Tash in Bashkortostan, Visim in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Southern Ural in Bashkortostan, Basegi in Perm Krai, Vishera in Perm Krai and Denezhkin Kamen in Sverdlovsk Oblast. During the next few centuries Novgorodians engaged in fur trading with the local population and collected tribute from Yugra and Great Perm, slowly expanding southwards. Es ist, gerade in der Mineralienwelt, möglich, dass die Farben der Fotographien etwas vom Original abweichen. (Ural (geographical))", "Military reactors go on show to American visitors", "Mountain building processes during continent–continent collision in the Uralides", "Arrested orogenic development: Eclogitization, delamination, and tectonic collapse", "Insights into orogenesis: Getting to the root of a continent-ocean-continent collision, Southern Urals, Russia", Производство плутония с ПО "Маяк" на Сибирский химкомбинат перенесено не будет, "Three Hundred Years of Glory and Gloom: The Urals Region of Russia in Art and Reality", Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ural_Mountains&oldid=1001509647, Landforms of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Bashkir-language text, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mountain formation near Saranpaul, Nether-Polar Urals, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 00:54. The birds of those areas include rough-legged buzzard, snowy owl and rock ptarmigan.[3][4]. Other notable peaks lie along the Iremel mountain ridge (Bolshoy Iremel and Maly Iremel). [4] The Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals are recognized as a World Heritage site. Some of the deposits, such as the magnetite ores at Magnitogorsk, are already nearly depleted. Because of the easy accessibility of the mountains there are no specifically mountainous species. Yermak crossed the Ural from the Chusovaya to the Tagil around 1581. Zalushnoje ist ein typisches russisches Dorf rund 600 Kilometer südlich von Moskau. [4], The table (see also maps above) reveals that the Ural Federal District and Ural economical region are rather different entities, which geographically differ from the Urals, even though the Urals is not well defined geographically. Abundant are dwarf birch, mosses and berries (blueberry, cloudberry, black crowberry, etc.). [3] From the 13th century, in Bashkortostan there has been a legend about a hero named Ural who sacrificed his life for the sake of his people who then poured a stone pile over his grave, which later turned into the Ural Mountains. The eastern mountain slopes have light coniferous taiga forests. In 1725, Philip Johan von Strahlenberg first used the Ural Mountains as part of the eastern demarcation of Europe. [3], During World War II (1941–45) Ural became the industrial backbone of Russia as most important industrial enterprises were evacuated there from the western Russia occupied by Germans. Russian started moving to Ural in the 11th century, mostly from the Novgorod areas. The overall resulting damage from the shock wave was estimated at $33,000,000. [4], The relief of the Southern Ural is more complex, with numerous valleys and parallel ridges directed south-west and meridionally. My name is Max, I'm from Yekaterinburg. [7] The Evenk geographical term era "mountain" has also been theorized. The majority of the Urals population (about 80%) is however Russians, who are mostly concentrated in the cities of the Central and Southern Urals and are involved in the industry. Faced with the threat of having a significant part of the Soviet territories occupied by the enemy, the government evacuated many of the industrial enterprises of European Russia and Ukraine to the eastern foothills of the Ural, considered a safe place out of reach of the German bombers and troops. Much of the land is cultivated. Tatischev believes that this oronym is set to "belt" and associates it with the Turkic verb oralu- "gird". New giant plants were raised in Magnitogorsk (1932, iron and steel production), Bereznikovskiy (1932, Chemistry), Sverdlovsk (1933, Heavy Machinery), Chelyabinsk (1933, tractors), Solikamsk (1934, potassium), Krasnokamsk (1936, pulp and paper), Novotagilsk (metallurgy) and others. [1][4], The landscapes of the Urals vary with both latitude and longitude and are dominated by forests and steppes. Welcome to The Urals. The Ural Mountains or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the river Ural and northwestern Kazakhstan. There are many birds of prey such as lesser kestrel and buzzards. Three giant tank factories were established at the Uralmash in Sverdlovsk (as Yekaterinburg used to be known), Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil, and Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant in Chelyabinsk. Most of the tops are flattened, but those of the highest mountains, such as Telposiz, 1,617 m (5,305 ft) and Konzhakovsky Stone, 1,569 m (5,148 ft) have a dissected topography. It offers free WiFi. The highest precipitation (1000 mm) is in the Northern Ural that causes the average height of snow up to 90 cm. Meanwhile, the southern part of the Ural Mountains (including Mugodzhar Mountains) does belong to Kazakhstan. Six megaprojects by UrFU and partners focused on … [3][4], Urals contains 48 species of economically valuable ores and minerals.